WHO Digital Documentation of COVID-19 Certificates (DDCC)
1.0.0 - CI Build International flag

This is the continuous build for version 1.0.0. This version is based on the current content of https://github.com/WorldHealthOrganization/ddcc and changes regularly.

Resource Profile: DDCCDiagnosticReport - XML Profile

Draft as of 2024-01-19

XML representation of the DDCCDiagnosticReport resource profile.

Raw xml | Download



<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="DDCCDiagnosticReport"/>
  <text>
    <status value="extensions"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Legend for this format"><img src="data:image/png;base64,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" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_resource.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCDiagnosticReport-definitions.html#DiagnosticReport">DiagnosticReport</a><a name="DiagnosticReport"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/STU1.1/StructureDefinition-DiagnosticReport-uv-ips.html">DiagnosticReportUvIps</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">A Diagnostic report - a combination of request information, atomic results, images, interpretation, as well as formatted reports</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCDiagnosticReport-definitions.html#DiagnosticReport.code">code</a><a name="DiagnosticReport.code"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/STU1.1/StructureDefinition-CodeableConcept-uv-ips.html" title="CodeableConcept">CodeableConceptIPS</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Concept - reference to a terminology or just  text</span><br/><span style="font-weight:bold">Binding: </span><a href="ValueSet-who-ddcc-type-of-test-covid-19.html">WHO Type of Covid-19 Test</a> (<a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/terminologies.html#required" title="To be conformant, the concept in this element SHALL be from the specified value set.">required</a>)</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCDiagnosticReport-definitions.html#DiagnosticReport.effective[x]">effective[x]</a><a name="DiagnosticReport.effective_x_"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#dateTime">dateTime</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Clinically relevant time/time-period for report</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_reference.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCDiagnosticReport-definitions.html#DiagnosticReport.specimen">specimen</a><a name="DiagnosticReport.specimen"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="padding-left: 3px; padding-right: 3px; color: white; background-color: red" title="This element must be supported">S</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCSpecimen.html">DDCC Specimen</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Specimens this report is based on</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_reference.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCDiagnosticReport-definitions.html#DiagnosticReport.result">result</a><a name="DiagnosticReport.result"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCObservation.html">DDCC Observation</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Observation results included in the diagnostic report.</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck04.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice_item.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Item" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCDiagnosticReport-definitions.html#DiagnosticReport.result:observation-results" title="Slice observation-results">result:observation-results</a><a name="DiagnosticReport.result"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span>..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a href="StructureDefinition-DDCCObservation.html">DDCC Observation</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Observations</span></td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="https://build.fhir.org/ig/FHIR/ig-guidance/readingIgs.html#table-views" title="Legend for this format"><img src="data:image/png;base64,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" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <url
       value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/StructureDefinition/DDCCDiagnosticReport"/>
  <version value="1.0.0"/>
  <name value="DDCCDiagnosticReport"/>
  <title value="DDCC Diagnostic Report"/>
  <status value="draft"/>
  <date value="2024-01-19T16:18:21+00:00"/>
  <publisher value="WHO"/>
  <contact>
    <name value="WHO"/>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="http://who.int"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description
               value="A DDCC Diagnostic Report contains the content corresponding to a row in the Test 
Events section of a Paper DDCC. While this is not a further profile of the International
Patient Summary (IPS) DiagnosticReport resouce, this is intended to map into an IPS 
DiagnosticReport resource."/>
  <jurisdiction>
    <coding>
      <system value="http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm"/>
      <code value="001"/>
    </coding>
  </jurisdiction>
  <fhirVersion value="4.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="workflow"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow"/>
    <name value="Workflow Pattern"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="v2"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v2"/>
    <name value="HL7 v2 Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="DiagnosticReport"/>
  <baseDefinition
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/DiagnosticReport-uv-ips"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport"/>
      <short
             value="A Diagnostic report - a combination of request information, atomic results, images, interpretation, as well as formatted reports"/>
      <definition
                  value="The findings and interpretation of diagnostic  tests performed on patients, groups of patients, devices, and locations, and/or specimens derived from these. The report includes clinical context such as requesting and provider information, and some mix of atomic results, images, textual and coded interpretations, and formatted representation of diagnostic reports."/>
      <comment
               value="This is intended to capture a single report and is not suitable for use in displaying summary information that covers multiple reports.  For example, this resource has not been designed for laboratory cumulative reporting formats nor detailed structured reports for sequencing."/>
      <alias value="Report"/>
      <alias value="Test"/>
      <alias value="Result"/>
      <alias value="Results"/>
      <alias value="Labs"/>
      <alias value="Laboratory"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value='#'])]))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="ORU -&gt; OBR"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Observation[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.id">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.meta">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.implicitRules">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.language">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition
                  value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.text">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.contained">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.extension">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.modifierExtension">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.identifier">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.identifier"/>
      <short value="Business identifier for report"/>
      <definition
                  value="Identifiers assigned to this report by the performer or other systems."/>
      <comment
               value="Usually assigned by the Information System of the diagnostic service provider (filler id)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know what identifier to use when making queries about this report from the source laboratory, and for linking to the report outside FHIR context."/>
      <alias value="ReportID"/>
      <alias value="Filler ID"/>
      <alias value="Placer ID"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBR-51/ for globally unique filler ID  - OBR-3 , For non-globally unique filler-id the flller/placer number must be combined with the universal service Id -  OBR-2(if present)+OBR-3+OBR-4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="id"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.basedOn">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.basedOn"/>
      <short value="What was requested"/>
      <definition value="Details concerning a service requested."/>
      <comment
               value="Note: Usually there is one test request for each result, however in some circumstances multiple test requests may be represented using a single test result resource. Note that there are also cases where one request leads to multiple reports."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This allows tracing of authorization for the report and tracking whether proposals/recommendations were acted upon."/>
      <alias value="Request"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.basedOn"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CarePlan"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ImmunizationRecommendation"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/MedicationRequest"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/NutritionOrder"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ServiceRequest"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.basedOn"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="ORC? OBR-2/3?"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.status">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.status"/>
      <short value="registered | partial | preliminary | final +"/>
      <definition value="The status of the diagnostic report."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Diagnostic services routinely issue provisional/incomplete reports, and sometimes withdraw previously released reports."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.status"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <fixedCode value="final"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because it is a status element that contains status entered-in-error which means that the resource should not be treated as valid"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="DiagnosticReportStatus"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="The status of the diagnostic report."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/diagnostic-report-status|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBR-25 (not 1:1 mapping)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="statusCode  Note: final and amended are distinguished by whether observation is the subject of a ControlAct event of type &quot;revise&quot;"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.category">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.category"/>
      <short value="Concept - reference to a terminology or just  text"/>
      <definition
                  value="A concept that may be defined by a formal reference to a terminology or ontology or may be provided by text."/>
      <comment
               value="Not all terminology uses fit this general pattern. In some cases, models should not use CodeableConcept and use Coding directly and provide their own structure for managing text, codings, translations and the relationship between elements and pre- and post-coordination."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.category"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/CodeableConcept-uv-ips"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="DiagnosticServiceSection"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Codes for diagnostic service sections."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/diagnostic-service-sections"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CE/CNE/CWE"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CD"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:CodeableConcept rdfs:subClassOf dt:CD"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.code">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.code"/>
      <short value="Concept - reference to a terminology or just  text"/>
      <definition
                  value="A concept that may be defined by a formal reference to a terminology or ontology or may be provided by text."/>
      <comment
               value="Not all terminology uses fit this general pattern. In some cases, models should not use CodeableConcept and use Coding directly and provide their own structure for managing text, codings, translations and the relationship between elements and pre- and post-coordination."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.code"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/CodeableConcept-uv-ips"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ele-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/ValueSet/who-ddcc-type-of-test-covid-19"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CE/CNE/CWE"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CD"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:CodeableConcept rdfs:subClassOf dt:CD"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.subject">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject"/>
      <short
             value="The subject of the report - usually, but not always, the patient"/>
      <definition
                  value="The subject of the report. Usually, but not always, this is a patient. However, diagnostic services also perform analyses on specimens collected from a variety of other sources."/>
      <requirements value="SHALL know the subject context."/>
      <alias value="Patient"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/Patient-uv-ips"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Group"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.subject"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-3 (no HL7 v2 mapping for Group or Device)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=SBJ]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.subject.id">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.subject.extension">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.subject.reference">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject.reference"/>
      <short value="Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources."/>
      <comment
               value="Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure &quot;/[type]/[id]&quot; then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.reference"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="ref-1"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.subject.type">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject.type"/>
      <short value="Type the reference refers to (e.g. &quot;Patient&quot;)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The expected type of the target of the reference. If both Reference.type and Reference.reference are populated and Reference.reference is a FHIR URL, both SHALL be consistent.

The type is the Canonical URL of Resource Definition that is the type this reference refers to. References are URLs that are relative to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ e.g. &quot;Patient&quot; is a reference to http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient. Absolute URLs are only allowed for logical models (and can only be used in references in logical models, not resources)."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is used to indicate the type of  the target of the reference. This may be used which ever of the other elements are populated (or not). In some cases, the type of the target may be determined by inspection of the reference (e.g. a RESTful URL) or by resolving the target of the reference; if both the type and a reference is provided, the reference SHALL resolve to a resource of the same type as that specified."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="FHIRResourceTypeExt"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Aa resource (or, for logical models, the URI of the logical model)."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/resource-types"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.subject.identifier">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject.identifier"/>
      <short value="Logical reference, when literal reference is not known"/>
      <definition
                  value="An identifier for the target resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity it represents is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference."/>
      <comment
               value="When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy. 

When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference

Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.

Reference is intended to point to a structure that can potentially be expressed as a FHIR resource, though there is no need for it to exist as an actual FHIR resource instance - except in as much as an application wishes to actual find the target of the reference. The content referred to be the identifier must meet the logical constraints implied by any limitations on what resource types are permitted for the reference.  For example, it would not be legitimate to send the identifier for a drug prescription if the type were Reference(Observation|DiagnosticReport).  One of the use-cases for Reference.identifier is the situation where no FHIR representation exists (where the type is Reference (Any)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".identifier"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.subject.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.subject.display"/>
      <short value="Text alternative for the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference."/>
      <comment
               value="This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Reference.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.encounter">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.encounter"/>
      <short value="Health care event when test ordered"/>
      <definition
                  value="The healthcare event  (e.g. a patient and healthcare provider interaction) which this DiagnosticReport is about."/>
      <comment
               value="This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter  but still be tied to the context of the encounter  (e.g. pre-admission laboratory tests)."/>
      <requirements value="Links the request to the Encounter context."/>
      <alias value="Context"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.encounter"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Encounter"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.encounter"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PV1-19"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[classCode=ENC, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.effective[x]">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.effective[x]"/>
      <short value="Clinically relevant time/time-period for report"/>
      <definition
                  value="The time or time-period the observed values are related to. When the subject of the report is a patient, this is usually either the time of the procedure or of specimen collection(s), but very often the source of the date/time is not known, only the date/time itself."/>
      <comment
               value="If the diagnostic procedure was performed on the patient, this is the time it was performed. If there are specimens, the diagnostically relevant time can be derived from the specimen collection times, but the specimen information is not always available, and the exact relationship between the specimens and the diagnostically relevant time is not always automatic."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know where in the patient history to file/present this report."/>
      <alias value="Observation time"/>
      <alias value="Effective Time"/>
      <alias value="Occurrence"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.effective[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.occurrence[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.done[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBR-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="effectiveTime"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.effective[x].id">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.effective[x].id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.effective[x].extension">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.effective[x].extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.effective[x].extension:data-absent-reason">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.effective[x].extension"/>
      <sliceName value="data-absent-reason"/>
      <short value="effective[x] absence reason"/>
      <definition
                  value="Provides a reason why the effectiveTime is missing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/data-absent-reason"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="ANY.nullFlavor"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.issued">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.issued"/>
      <short value="DateTime this version was made"/>
      <definition
                  value="The date and time that this version of the report was made available to providers, typically after the report was reviewed and verified."/>
      <comment
               value="May be different from the update time of the resource itself, because that is the status of the record (potentially a secondary copy), not the actual release time of the report."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Clinicians need to be able to check the date that the report was released."/>
      <alias value="Date published"/>
      <alias value="Date Issued"/>
      <alias value="Date Verified"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.issued"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="instant"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBR-22"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=VRF or AUT].time"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.performer">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.performer"/>
      <short value="Responsible Diagnostic Service"/>
      <definition
                  value="The diagnostic service that is responsible for issuing the report."/>
      <comment
               value="This is not necessarily the source of the atomic data items or the entity that interpreted the results. It is the entity that takes responsibility for the clinical report."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know whom to contact if there are queries about the results. Also may need to track the source of reports for secondary data analysis."/>
      <alias value="Laboratory"/>
      <alias value="Service"/>
      <alias value="Practitioner"/>
      <alias value="Department"/>
      <alias value="Company"/>
      <alias value="Authorized by"/>
      <alias value="Director"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.performer"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/Practitioner-uv-ips"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole-uv-ips"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/uv/ips/StructureDefinition/Organization-uv-ips"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CareTeam"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PRT-8 (where this PRT-4-Participation = &quot;PO&quot;)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=PRF]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.resultsInterpreter">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.resultsInterpreter"/>
      <short value="Primary result interpreter"/>
      <definition
                  value="The practitioner or organization that is responsible for the report's conclusions and interpretations."/>
      <comment
               value="Might not be the same entity that takes responsibility for the clinical report."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to know whom to contact if there are queries about the results. Also may need to track the source of reports for secondary data analysis."/>
      <alias value="Analyzed by"/>
      <alias value="Reported by"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.resultsInterpreter"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CareTeam"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBR-32, PRT-8 (where this PRT-4-Participation = &quot;PI&quot;)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".participation[typeCode=PRF]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.specimen">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.specimen"/>
      <short value="Specimens this report is based on"/>
      <definition
                  value="Details about the specimens on which this diagnostic report is based."/>
      <comment
               value="If the specimen is sufficiently specified with a code in the test result name, then this additional data may be redundant. If there are multiple specimens, these may be represented per observation or group."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to report information about the collected specimens on which the report is based."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.specimen"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/StructureDefinition/DDCCSpecimen"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="SPM"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=SBJ]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.result">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.result"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="profile"/>
          <path value="resolve()"/>
        </discriminator>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Observation results included in the diagnostic report."/>
      <definition
                  value="Observation results included in the diagnostic report."/>
      <comment value="Observations can contain observations."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to support individual results, or  groups of results, where the result grouping is arbitrary, but meaningful."/>
      <alias value="Data"/>
      <alias value="Atomic Value"/>
      <alias value="Result"/>
      <alias value="Atomic result"/>
      <alias value="Data"/>
      <alias value="Test"/>
      <alias value="Analyte"/>
      <alias value="Battery"/>
      <alias value="Organizer"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.result"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/StructureDefinition/DDCCObservation"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBXs"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.result:observation-results">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.result"/>
      <sliceName value="observation-results"/>
      <short value="Observations"/>
      <definition
                  value="[Observations](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/observation.html)  that are part of this diagnostic report."/>
      <comment value="Observations can contain observations."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to support individual results, or  groups of results, where the result grouping is arbitrary, but meaningful."/>
      <alias value="Data"/>
      <alias value="Atomic Value"/>
      <alias value="Result"/>
      <alias value="Atomic result"/>
      <alias value="Data"/>
      <alias value="Test"/>
      <alias value="Analyte"/>
      <alias value="Battery"/>
      <alias value="Organizer"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.result"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/StructureDefinition/DDCCObservation"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBXs"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.imagingStudy">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.imagingStudy"/>
      <short
             value="Reference to full details of imaging associated with the diagnostic report"/>
      <definition
                  value="One or more links to full details of any imaging performed during the diagnostic investigation. Typically, this is imaging performed by DICOM enabled modalities, but this is not required. A fully enabled PACS viewer can use this information to provide views of the source images."/>
      <comment
               value="ImagingStudy and the image element are somewhat overlapping - typically, the list of image references in the image element will also be found in one of the imaging study resources. However, each caters to different types of displays for different types of purposes. Neither, either, or both may be provided."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.imagingStudy"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ImagingStudy"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classsCode=DGIMG, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.media">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.media"/>
      <short value="Key images associated with this report"/>
      <definition
                  value="A list of key images associated with this report. The images are generally created during the diagnostic process, and may be directly of the patient, or of treated specimens (i.e. slides of interest)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Many diagnostic services include images in the report as part of their service."/>
      <alias value="DICOM"/>
      <alias value="Slides"/>
      <alias value="Scans"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.media"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX?"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.media.id">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.media.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.media.extension">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.media.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.media.modifierExtension">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.media.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.media.comment">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.media.comment"/>
      <short value="Comment about the image (e.g. explanation)"/>
      <definition
                  value="A comment about the image. Typically, this is used to provide an explanation for why the image is included, or to draw the viewer's attention to important features."/>
      <comment
               value="The comment should be displayed with the image. It would be common for the report to include additional discussion of the image contents in other sections such as the conclusion."/>
      <requirements
                    value="The provider of the report should make a comment about each image included in the report."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.media.comment"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN, code=&quot;annotation&quot;].value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.media.link">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.media.link"/>
      <short value="Reference to the image source"/>
      <definition value="Reference to the image source."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.media.link"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Media"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".value.reference"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.conclusion">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.conclusion"/>
      <short value="Clinical conclusion (interpretation) of test results"/>
      <definition
                  value="Concise and clinically contextualized summary conclusion (interpretation/impression) of the diagnostic report."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to provide a conclusion that is not lost among the basic result data."/>
      <alias value="Report"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.conclusion"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="inboundRelationship[typeCode=&quot;SPRT&quot;].source[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN, code=LOINC:48767-8].value (type=ST)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.conclusionCode">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.conclusionCode"/>
      <short value="Codes for the clinical conclusion of test results"/>
      <definition
                  value="One or more codes that represent the summary conclusion (interpretation/impression) of the diagnostic report."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.conclusionCode"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="AdjunctDiagnosis"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Diagnosis codes provided as adjuncts to the report."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/clinical-findings"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="inboundRelationship[typeCode=SPRT].source[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN, code=LOINC:54531-9].value (type=CD)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.presentedForm">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.presentedForm"/>
      <short value="Entire report as issued"/>
      <definition
                  value="Rich text representation of the entire result as issued by the diagnostic service. Multiple formats are allowed but they SHALL be semantically equivalent."/>
      <comment
               value="&quot;application/pdf&quot; is recommended as the most reliable and interoperable in this context."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Gives laboratory the ability to provide its own fully formatted report for clinical fidelity."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DiagnosticReport.presentedForm"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Attachment"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="text (type=ED)"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport"/>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.code">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.code"/>
      <binding>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/ValueSet/who-ddcc-type-of-test-covid-19"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.effective[x]">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.effective[x]"/>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.specimen">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.specimen"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/StructureDefinition/DDCCSpecimen"/>
      </type>
      <mustSupport value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.result">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.result"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/StructureDefinition/DDCCObservation"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="DiagnosticReport.result:observation-results">
      <path value="DiagnosticReport.result"/>
      <sliceName value="observation-results"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://smart.who.int/ddcc/StructureDefinition/DDCCObservation"/>
      </type>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>